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Open-source hardware and software offer options for development of monitoring systems for water management, agricultural, and environmental applications
Proceedings of the 2020 Mississippi Water Resources Conference

Year: 2020 Authors: Fisher D.K.


Information is needed in order to study, monitor, and understand any process or event. Advances in electronic technologies, software, and communications infrastructures have resulted in a variety of new and inexpensive monitoring capabilities for research and production applications. A new generation of microcontrollers offers high-speed, low-voltage, energy-efficient, 32-bit operation, and supports programming in multiple languages (C/C++, Python). The increasing variety of solid-state sensors (environmental, multispectral) and auxiliary components (data storage, GPS/RTK) enables development of unique automated sensing, monitoring, and control systems. Remote data communications are enhanced via communications (LoRa wireless, LTE Cat-M1 cellular) networks, and integration with internet-based services allows rapid data transfer and always-available access to and sharing of data. These emerging technologies are enabled by application of open-source hardware and software, which offer advanced tools and capabilities and are freely available for anyone to use, develop, and modify. Open-source hardware and software options will be discussed, and examples of monitoring systems that have been developed will be presented to demonstrate the accessibility and usefulness of these development tools.

2017 MWRRI Annual Report
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